Studies in European (and US) Relations with Islamic Societies


The Venetian Ambassadors (in black) presenting their credentials to the Egyptian Mamluk Sultan in Cairo, 1511. Painting attributed to Giovanni Bellini (1430-1516)

دراسات في العلاقات بين أوربا و أمريكا و المجتمعات الإسلمية

    The Website of Ian Rutledge, author, whose speciality is the

          Middle East and its economic, social and political history.

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